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It's All Politics

WWII Vets Have All But Vanished From The Halls Of Congress

Originally published on Sun June 9, 2013 4:39 am

Sen. Frank Lautenberg was buried with military honors at Arlington National Cemetery on Friday. There was a steady rain. Soldiers fired rifle volleys, a bugler played taps and mourners paid their final respects.

The New Jersey Democrat was 89 when he died this week — and his death marked a somber milestone.

For the first time since the end of World War II, there are no veterans of that war in the U.S. Senate. Lautenberg had been the only one remaining.

His military service was a recurring theme in tributes this week. At a service on Wednesday, Vice President Biden delivered a eulogy: "I'm told the first time ... he ever left the New Jersey/New York region was ... when he joined the United States Army at age 18. Was shipped out. When he came back, he'd proudly tell you — anyone who would listen — he went to Columbia. He just didn't go to school; he went to Columbia."

Lautenberg grew up poor and used the brand-new GI Bill to attend that prestigious university. Speaking with the Scripps Howard News Service in 2011, he said his time in the military helped him understand the need to give something to your country.

"Veterans became presidents. Veterans became senators, titans of business," he said. "The experience of sharing risk, of depending on someone else for your life, of being able to offer someone else support for their lives, changes the attitude."

The Last Of The Veterans

While there are no more World War II veterans in the Senate, there are still two in the House of Representatives: Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., and Rep. Ralph Hall, R-Texas.

On Friday, Dingell became the longest-serving member of Congress in history. He has represented his Michigan district for 57 years, five months, 26 days and counting.

Dingell, now 86, also says the war years shaped him. At 15 years old, he was working as a congressional page in the Capitol when President Franklin Roosevelt delivered his speech on the day after Pearl Harbor, calling Dec. 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy."

Dingell, speaking Friday at an event at Atlantic Media in Washington, recalled watching FDR's entrance that day from the gallery above. As always, the president hid the effects of his polio.

"He actually walked. ... And he was supported by 10 pounds of iron — he had these frames that held him — and he would come in on the arm of one of his sons ... up a ramp to where the reading clerk is," Dingell recalled. He'd "stand in front of the speaker and the vice president and give his speech."

When Dingell turned 18 in 1944, he enlisted.

A Shared Experience

At one point in the late 1970s, more than 4 out of 5 members of Congress were veterans, most of those from World War II. Today, fewer than 1 in 5 members have military service on their resume.

Donald Ritchie, the historian of the U.S. Senate, says World War II forged deep congressional friendships across party lines.

"They had that one thing that they could put their arm around each other's shoulder and talk about, the South Pacific or about Italy or about this or that," Ritchie says. "There were all these points of connection that are lost now."

Ritchie says World War II was a shared experience — in the country and within the Congress. And it's an era that is drawing to a close.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

A pair of milestones worth noting this week in Washington, D.C. Congressman John Dingell yesterday became the longest serving member of Congress in history. He's represented his Michigan district for 57 years, five months and 26 days and counting. The other item is somber, and that's the death of Senator Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey. Besides being friends and Democrats, both Representative Dingell and Senator Lautenberg served in the military during World War II, an experience that's all but vanished from the halls of Congress today. NPR's national political correspondent Don Gonyea reports.

DON GONYEA, BYLINE: Senator Lautenberg was 89 when he died this week. Yesterday morning, he was buried with military honors at Arlington Cemetery.

(SOUNDBITE OF GUN SALUTE)

GONYEA: There was a steady rain. Soldiers fired rifle volleys and a bugler played "Taps." Mourners paid their final respects.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "TAPS")

GONYEA: In the U.S. Senate, in every session since the end of World War II, a veteran of that war has served in the chamber. With Lautenberg's death, that string is broken.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "TAPS")

GONYEA: Lautenberg's military service was a recurring theme in tributes this week. Vice President Joe Biden delivered a eulogy at a service on Wednesday.

VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN: I'm told the first time he ever left the New Jersey-New York region was to join the United States Army at age 18. Was shipped out. When he came back, he'd proudly tell you - anyone who would listen - he went to Columbia. He just didn't go to school, he went to Columbia.

GONYEA: Lautenberg grew up poor and used the brand new G.I. Bill to attend that prestigious university. Talking to the Scripps Howards News Service in 2011, he said his time in the military helped him understand the need to give something to your country.

FRANK LAUTENBERG: Veterans became presidents. Veterans became senators, titans of business. The experience of sharing risk, of depending on someone else for your life, it changes the attitude.

GONYEA: Congressman Dingell, now 86, also says the war years shaped him. When he was just 15 years old he was already in the Capitol working as a congressional page the day President Franklin Roosevelt delivered this speech the day after Pearl Harbor.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED SPEECH)

PRESIDENT FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT: Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy.

GONYEA: Dingell, speaking yesterday at an event at Atlantic Media in Washington, recalled watching FDR's entrance that day from the gallery above. As always the president hid the effects of his polio.

REPRESENTATIVE JOHN DINGELL: So, he actually walked. He had to support himself, and he was supported by 10 pounds of iron. He had these frames that held him. And he would come in on the arm of one of his sons, usually Franklin or Jimmy, up a ramp to where the reading clerk is, stand in front of the speaker and the vice president and give his speech.

GONYEA: Like Lautenberg, Dingell enlisted as soon as he turned 18 in 1944. It was an experience shared by a generation, and by a generation of politicians. In the late '70s, better than four of five members of Congress were veterans, most from World War II. Today, fewer than one in five members have done military service. And with Lautenberg gone, just two are left from World War II - Dingell and Congressman Ralph Hall of Texas. Donald Ritchie is the historian of the U.S. Senate. He says that war forged deep Congressional friendships across party lines.

DONALD RITCHIE: They had that one thing that they could put their arm around each other's shoulder and talk about the South Pacific or about Italy or this or that. There were all these points of connection that are lost now.

GONYEA: That is a loss keenly felt in the Capitol today. Don Gonyea, NPR News, Washington.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

SIMON: And you're listening to WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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