11:01pm

Mon December 19, 2011
Music

Two Takes On Christmas Music: Sweet And Sour

Originally published on Wed December 21, 2011 11:04 am

What do you get when one of the songwriters behind a beloved children's program and a champion of challenging new music each approach Christmas songs in their own ways?

Not what you might expect.

Saxophonist, composer and MacArthur "genius" John Zorn is also a record producer who runs his own label, Tzadik — the Hebrew word for "righteous one." The top of the label's website reads:

Tzadik is dedicated to releasing the best in avant-garde and experimental music.

Indeed, Zorn's first stab at capturing the spirit of Christmas in sound came in 1999 with a piece that was what you might have expected. "Blues Noel" careens from jump-blues sax and hand claps to electronic noise to ethereal wordless chanting to blues piano mixed with sleigh bells and ends with a voice in French backed by glockenspiel wishing listeners "Joyeux Noel."

This year? The Jewish Zorn has produced a straight-up love letter to Christmas.

"I've always loved the holidays — my parents celebrated Christmas when I was young. We had a tree, and we used to trim the tree with music playing," Zorn says.

He was an 8-year-old looking forward to the holidays in 1962 when another jazz composer, pianist and singer Bob Dorough — the man who would later write songs for that children's favorite Schoolhouse Rock — took a completely different approach and created a kind of anti-Christmas classic.

Dorough's "Blue X-mas" begins like this:

Merry Christmas.
I hope you have a white one but for me it's blue.
Blue X-mas — that's the way you see it when you're feeling blue.
Blue X-mas — when you're blue at Christmastime you see right through
All the waste, all the sham, all the haste
And plain old bad taste.

"Blue X-mas," subtitled, "To whom it may concern," was commissioned by a musician as well-known for his ill temper as for his singular trumpet playing — Miles Davis.

"Can you imagine?" says Dorough, only half jokingly. "You know it's pretty wild to get a phone call from him. And then he said, 'I want you to write me a Christmas song.' I said, 'Huh?' "

It turns out Davis had been asked by his label to contribute to an album of jazz artists doing Christmas music. And, well, Miles Davis didn't hear himself playing "Jingle Bells."

But that's exactly what John Zorn wants to hear.

"Every year comes around, I put on the holiday music that I really love listening to," Zorn says. "Vince Guaraldi. And there's a Beach Boys record I love. Sinatra has a bunch of Christmas songs. And I began thinking, you know, I mean, I wish there were more records I'd really enjoy listening to at this time, 'cause I keep pulling out the same records year after year after year."

Zorn says he has wanted to make a Christmas record for more than a decade. He curates a Jewish music series on his record label, and his first idea was to do an album of Christmas music all written by Jews. Think Irving Berlin's "White Christmas."

"It turned out that a lot of Christmas songs have been written by Jews," says Zorn. "Then, as I got deeper into it, I decided — I mean, that's a funny idea, but I don't want to make any political statement here or do any kind of agenda. I just want to keep it in kind of the secular vein and just celebrate the holiday as, you know, hot-buttered rum and mulled cider and tinsel on the tree and little toys and Santa flying in the air and, you know, those childlike visions."

Childlike visions make their way into Bob Dorough's "Blue X-mas," too. This lyric, for example:

Lots of hungry, homeless children in your own backyards
While you're very, very busy addressing twenty zillion Christmas cards.
Now, Yuletide is the season to receive and, oh, to give and, ah, to share
But all you December do-gooders rush around and rant and rave and loudly blare
Merry Christmas

Dorough says his inspiration was Miles Davis.

"You know, we always called him the Prince of Darkness, and so I thought this was not going to be one of those happy, 'What are you going to bring me for Christmas?' songs," Dorough laughs. "And my point was to emphasize the over-commercialization of Christmas. I was thinking of Miles and the way he lives his life and commends his music. I hope I didn't overdo it."

The song was something of a jazz landmark. It was the first time the celebrated trumpeter had recorded with a vocalist, and it was great exposure for the young Dorough, who sang and played piano on the record. But there was a downside. When the album came out, Dorough noticed that Davis had claimed co-songwriting credit. Dorough admits the trumpeter did re-arrange the song a bit, but Davis also claimed full music publishing rights — something Dorough didn't get back until after Davis' death in 1991, almost 30 years after the recording.

So in the end, Dorough's acerbic observations in "Blue X-mas" were created as a work for hire. And John Zorn's album, "Christmas Dreamers," is a work of love.

"It's just that it's coming from my heart, going out to all of you," Zorn says. "It's meant to be listened to and enjoyed, and I hope people appreciate it."

As the band says at the very end of the album, "Merry Christmas, everybody!"

However you feel about the holiday.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

Christmastime is here and with it comes Christmas music. Numerous songs have been written over the years and their inspirations have been just as numerous from personal expressions of the joy of the season, to straightforward assignments from a record producer: write a holiday hit.

A new Christmas album made NPR's Tom Cole think about how two different composers approached holiday music.

TOM COLE, BYLINE: John Zorn's first documented stab at capturing the spirit of Christmas in sound came in 1999.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "BLUES NOEL")

COLE: This year, Zorn produced this:

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "CHRISTMAS IS HERE")

COLE: What happened? Did the MacArthur genius, the champion of experimental music go soft?

JOHN ZORN: I've always loved the holidays. My parents celebrated Christmas when I was young. We had a tree and we used to, you know, trim the tree and have music playing.

COLE: Zorn was an eight-year-old looking forward to the holidays when another jazz composer, pianist and singer Bob Dorough - the man who went on to write songs for that favorite of children everywhere, "Schoolhouse Rock" - took a completely different approach and created a kind of anti-Christmas classic.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "BLUE XMAS")

BOB DOROUGH: (Singing) Merry Christmas. I hope you have a white one, but for me it's blue. Blue Christmas, that's the way you see it when you're feeling blue. Blue Xmas, when you're blue at Christmastime you see right through all the waste, all the sham, all the haste and plain old bad taste...

Well, it was commissioned by Miles Davis himself. Can you imagine?

COLE: The man as legendary for his ill temper as his trumpet playing on?

DOROUGH: You know it's pretty wild when you get a phone call from him. And then he said I want you to write me a Christmas song. I said, huh?

COLE: It turns out Davis had been asked by his label to contribute to an album of jazz artists doing Christmas music. And, well, Miles didn't hear himself playing "Jingle Bells."

But that's exactly what John Zorn wants to hear.

ZORN: Every year I put on the holiday music that I really love listening to. Vince Guaraldi and there's a Beach Boys record I love. Sinatra has a bunch of Christmas songs. And I began thinking, you know, I mean kind of wish there were more records that I really enjoyed listening too at this time, 'cause I keep pulling out the same records year after year after year.

COLE: Zorn is Jewish and curates a Jewish music series on his record label.

ZORN: My first concept was, well, let me do a CD of Christmas music for all the tunes have been written by Jews.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

ZORN: And it turned out that a lot of Christmas songs are written by Jews.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "WINTER WONDERLAND")

ZORN: So, that was the original idea on the project. And then as I got deeper into it, I decided, well, I mean that's a funny idea. But I don't want to make any political statements here or do any kind of agenda. I just want to keep it kind of in the kind of the secular vein and just celebrate the holiday as, you know, hot-buttered rum and mulled cider, and tinsel on the tree and little toys, and Santa flying in the air. Those kind of, you know, childlike visions.

COLE: Childlike visions make their way into Bob Dorough's "Blue Xmas," too.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "BLUE XMAS")

DOROUGH: (Singing) Lots of hungry, homeless children in your own backyards. While you're very, very busy addressing 20 zillion Christmas cards. Now, Yuletide is the season to receive and oh, to give and ah, to share. But all you December do-gooders rush around and rant and rave and loudly blare: Merry Christmas...

COLE: Dorough says his inspiration was Miles Davis.

DOROUGH: You know, we always called him the Prince of Darkness. And so, I thought this is not going to be one of those happy what-are-you-going-to-bring-me-for-Christmas songs.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

DOROUGH: And I was thinking of Miles and the way he lives his life and commends his music. I hope I didn't overdo it.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "BLUE XMAS")

DOROUGH: (Singing) Sidewalk Santa Clauses are much, much, much too thin. they're wearing fancy rented costumes, false beards and big fat phony grins. And nearly everybody standing round holding out their empty hand or tin cup. Gimme, gimme, gimme, gimme. Gimme, gimme, gimme. Fill my stocking up, all the way up...

COLE: The song was something of a jazz landmark. It was the first time the celebrated trumpeter had recorded with a vocalist and it was great exposure for the young Dorough. But there was a downside. Davis claimed co-songwriting credit. Dorough admits the trumpeter did re-arrange the song a bit, but Davis also claimed full music publishing rights - something Dorough didn't get back until after Davis' death in 1991, almost 30 years after the recording.

So in the end, Bob Dorough's acerbic observations in "Blue Xmas" were created as a work for hire and John Zorn's album, "Christmas Dreamers," is a work of love.

ZORN: It's just that it's coming from my heart, going out to all of you. It's meant to be listened to and enjoyed. And I hope people appreciate it.

COLE: From John Zorn, Bob Dorough and me, Tom Cole, NPR News.

DOROUGH: Merry Christmas everybody. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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